When should I take morning-after pills? How many times can you take the morning after pill? The morning after pill containing high levels of progesterone hormone is used orally by women to prevent the occurrence of unplanned pregnancies after unprotected sexual intercourse. The high level of progesterone hormone contained in the drug reduces the possibility of fertilization of the female egg by the male reproductive cell sperm, as well as preventing the fertilized egg from clinging to the uterus and prevents the formation of pregnancy. Unlike contraceptives, the morning-after pill does not require regular use, and it is used as one or two doses after undesirable intercourse. The chance of preventing pregnancy after sexual intercourse, which is also linked to how early the drug is used, may not affect when taken on the 5th day after intercourse. The morning-after pill, when taken within the first 24 hours after unprotected intercourse, prevents approximately 98% of unplanned pregnancy occurrences. It should be noted that these pills, which have no protective effect on the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, should only be used to prevent pregnancy in unexpected situations. Let’s look at how to use the morning-after pill.
How To Use The Morning-After Pill?
When the contraceptive methods are not applied, the morning-after pill which should be used after unprotected sexual intercourse is successful in preventing pregnancy. Contrary to popular belief, the morning-after pill does not have to be taken the day after sexual intercourse. The drug taken in the first 24 hours will be 98% effective in preventing pregnancy, this rate decreases to 75% at 48 hours. The next day, therefore, the pill should be taken orally as soon as possible after unprotected sexual intercourse. The drug from the pharmacy should be used at the dosage indicated in the package insert after carefully reading the package insert. It is because there are differences in usage between drug brands. Some drugs are used as a single pill after intercourse, while others are effective when used in two doses.
How Do Morning-After Pills Prevent Pregnancy?
The morning-after pill, which should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sexual intercourse, prevents unexpected pregnancy formation thanks to its progesterone hormone. When the sperm cell reaches the fallopian tubes, which is one of the organs of the female reproductive system, it is necessary to fertilize the egg. The sperm cell, which can remain alive in the female body for about two days, can fertilize the egg in the event of ovulation within two days after reaching the fallopian tubes, which can create a pregnancy. However, the next day after unprotected sexual intercourse, the pill delays ovulation due to the high levels of hormones it contains. Even if the egg is fertilized by sperm in the fallopian tubes, it prevents pregnancy formation by preventing the thickening of the intrauterine wall that allows the embryo to hold onto the uterus with the use of the pill.
Side Effects Of Morning-After Pills
The morning-after pill is very effective in preventing the occurrence of unplanned pregnancies. When taken immediately after the unprotected relationship, the success rate of the drug that provides maximum protection decreases over time. The morning-after pill, which contains a high dose of progesterone hormone to prevent pregnancy, can cause many side effects when used as a birth control method. It may also cause symptoms such as menstrual irregularity, nausea, and vomiting even in single-use. If the person vomits within the first three hours after taking the drug, the drug should be re-used, since the protective effect of the drug will not remain. If the complaints related to drug use persist, you should consult the nearest health institution. The next day, the pill should not be used more than once in a month due to side effects due to high levels of the hormone. In case of more than one unprotected intercourse within the same month, or depending on the long-term use of the pill the next day, the person’s hormonal pattern may be turned upside down. The next day, therefore, the pill should only be used after unprotected sexual intercourse at risk of pregnancy and only once a month at most. Other side effects of the morning-after pill include:
- Breast sensitivity
- Intermediate bleeding
- Abdominal pain
For a healthy life, the morning-after pill should be limited to a maximum of a dose per month.